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Understanding Of Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis or cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that causes mucus in the body to become thick and sticky, thus clogging the channels in the body.

As a result of this blockage several organs, especially the lungs and digestive system, impaired and even damage.

Some of the symptoms that can arise when these conditions affect the lungs are:

  • persistent cough

  • Gag

  • Shortness of breath or difficulty breathing

  • wheezing

Coughing occurs when the body is trying to clear the lungs of thick mucus, and this phenomenon is most common.

In addition to the above symptoms, lung infections are also vulnerable experienced by patients with cystic fibrosis. This infection can be more severe and potentially contagious among fellow sufferers of cystic fibrosis due to breeding bacteria.

In the digestive tract, the pancreatic duct can also be clogged by mucus. With the blockage of the pancreas, then automatically digestive enzymes produced by these organs can not reach the intestines to aid digestion of food.

That's why cystic fibrosis patients with disorders of the digestive system will experience symptoms such as:

  • Weight loss or even stunted growth as a result of the food that is not digested properly, so patients nutritional deficiencies or malnutrition.

  • Texture clot stools, oily, and pungent.

In newborns, cystic fibrosis can clog the beginning of the process of sewage or meconium which is generally out in the first day or the second day of their birth.

Solid black dirt becomes difficult to pass through the intestine because of the texture turns into more dense. This condition is called meconium ileus and treatment can only be done through surgery.

Besides meconium ileus, babies born with cystic fibrosis are also susceptible to the symptoms of jaundice.

Other symptoms of Cystic Fibrosis

Someone who has cystic fibrosis or cystic fibrosis will also susceptible:

  • Infection of the nose, such as nasal polyps and sinusitis.

  • Diabetes, due to the pancreas can not produce enough insulin.

  • Infertility in men due to obstruction of the ducts that carry sperm and infertility in women due to disruption of the menstrual cycle and the thickness of the fluid in the uterus wall.

  • Urinary incontinence due to loss of automatic control of the bladder so urine can seep out at anytime.

  • Liver disorders.

In each of cystic fibrosis patients, the symptoms that develop can vary, but the most important are that you recognize the symptoms early age, especially in your child.

For those of you who have children with cystic fibrosis, see your doctor immediately if wheezing, coughing, or other symptoms experienced more severe, especially to cause your child's breathing difficulties.

Cause of Cystic Fibrosis

Cystic fibrosis or cystic fibrosis is a hereditary disease or from any person from their parents due to genetic changes.

Mucus is thick and sticky then accumulate and clog the channels in the body organs, such as the digestive system, lungs, and other organs, which in turn cause inflammation and recurring infections, as well as damage to these organs.

Diagnosis of Cystic Fibrosis

Diagnosis for the presence of cystic fibrosis or cystic fibrosis can be done since the newborn.

One common type of examination is to test DNA samples. Inside this method, damage to the gene plays a major role causes cystic fibrosis examined. DNA samples can be taken from the baby's saliva or blood.

Other types of tests are tests of samples of sweat. Just as DNA testing, the purpose of this examination is to determine the salinity of cystic fibrosis through sweat. Sweat sample tests usually can be done when I was just one month old.

Examination of bacteria in saliva and scanning consisting of CT scans, MRI scans, and scanning X-ray / x-ray may be done to determine the level of lung damage.

In addition there are organ function tests to measure the health of the liver and pancreas.This method can also be used to detect the symptoms of diabetes and is usually done regularly after the patient was ten years old.

The fourth type of follow-up examination is the examination of lung function to determine how quickly the patient's breathing, the large volume of air inhaled or exhaled, as well as how well the organ is to circulate oxygen to the blood.

The whole purpose of this follow-up investigation was to determine the development of symptoms and control it from being worse.

Treatment of Cystic Fibrosis

Actually, cystic fibrosis or cystic fibrosis is a condition that can not be cured.

The main treatment for cystic fibrosis is the use of antibiotics to fight infections in the lungs. This form of antibiotic consumption vary, there is taken as a capsule, pill, or syrup, but there are also infused. Examples of antibiotics for cystic fibrosis in between tobramycin and ciprofloxacin.

In addition to antibiotics, the doctor may also prescribe medications to reduce inflammation, such as predisone or fluticasone who broke into the kortokosteroid,cromolyn who entered into the class of membrane stabilizers, and ibuprofen into the class of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs.

Drugs control the volume and decrease the viscosity of the mucus in the lungs are also part of the treatment is generally prescribed to patients with cystic fibrosis. Examples of these drugs are hypertonic saline or saline group, as well as acetylcysteine which entered into mukolitik group. Besides being able to control the mucus in the lungs, mukolitik can also reduce the levels of viscous mucus in the intestines.

To widen the airways in order to be relieved breath and mucus by coughing, the doctor may prescribe medications, such as Atrovent, who entered into the class of anticholinergic, and salmeterol that comes into the class of bronchodilators.

Cystic Fibrosis Treatment methods Others

In addition through the consumption of drugs, the symptoms of cystic fibrosis or fibrosis kistis can also be treated through several therapies under the guidance of a doctor, such as:

  • Physiotherapy to clear mucus in the lungs.

  • Therapeutic breathing cycle.

  • Oxygen therapy .

  • Physical exercise therapy and exercise to maintain posture and mobilizing muscles and joints in your chest, shoulders, and back.

  • Treatment changes positions so easy mucus out of the lungs. This technique is also called postural drainage.

Cystic Fibrosis Treatment with Operation
Handling cystic fibrosis or cystic fibrosis operating procedures will likely be advised by a doctor if the symptoms are there already is getting worse and could no longer be treated with medication or other methods. In cases with symptoms of cystic fibriosis lungs stop functioning, lung transplant surgery may be the only the most effective way to extend the life of the patient, even though the operation itself are very risky.

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