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Understanding Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia nervosa is a mental health problem in which an infected obsessed to have a thin body and very afraid that if they look fat. I was so scared, they even always thought he was still less lean or obese despite the fact that they did not like it.

Age 16-17 years of age are considered vulnerable to this disorder to begin to appear.  The majority of anorexia sufferers from among teenage girls and adult women.

To make their bodies as thin as possible, people with anorexia will strive to limit the size of the meal to a minimum, using drugs (such as laxatives and appetite suppressant), and exercise excessively.

Some of them will even strive brings back food that has been consumed, a hallmark of eating disorder called bulimia nervosa . However, when the average of bulimia sufferers have normal weight or more, anorexics weigh less.

Symptoms of anorexia nervosa and other related psychological problems

Those who suffer from anorexia can be recognized from the following symptoms:

  1. Weight loss was significantly and looked very thin.

  2. Always pay attention to the shape of the body in front of the mirror.

  3. Considering the body most of the time.

  4. Often brings back food that has been eaten.

  5. Like lied when asked whether they had already eaten.

  6. Is taking into account a number of calories, fat, and sugar in food.

  7. Often exercise excessively. Suka taking drugs laxatives and appetite suppressant drugs eat. easily offended

  8. Experiencing health problems as a result of anorexia itself,such as fatigue,dehydration,low blood pressure,dizziness,hair loss and dry skin.

Anorexia can also be associated with other psychiatric problems such as depression, low self-esteem, anxiety, alcohol abuse, and injury to yourself

The cause of anorexia nervosa

The cause of anorexia nervosa  is definitely still unclear. Most specialists believe that the disorder is derived from a combination of a number of factors, such as psychological, environmental, and genetic or biological.

The diagnosis of anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa average can be recognized from the physical sufferer who looked very thin. However, doctors still must ask their diet to ensure the emaciation due to eating disorders and not other diseases.

In addition, it is likely the doctor will also check for the hair, skin, blood pressure, lung conditions and heart. Even X-rays and blood will be carried out if necessary.

Support anorexia sufferers to want to get help

There is a fraction anorexia nervosa sufferers are unaware that they suffer from the condition, but most know and will not seek treatment for fear until finally, they hide this problem in a very long time. Therefore it is important for us as outsiders to recognize this condition when there is a family or friends who experienced it.

If you have family or friends who suffer from anorexia, do subtle approach and persuaded to get them to get medical help. Persuading people with anorexia to want treatment is not easy. Usually, they will assume that what they have done the right thing and will refuse to admit that they really are in trouble.

That's why patience and continuous support are critical to the healing anorexics. Never criticize or make them feel depressed because it will only worsen the situation. Convey that persuasion and your support is solely due to worry about their health.

Overview of the treatment of anorexia

Anorexia nervosa should be treated as early as possible so that the greater the chance of recovery. The goal of treatment of anorexia is to change their view of healthy body weight and improve their diet.

Most cases of anorexia are handled on an outpatient basis and a handful of other cases, such as severe cases of anorexia sufferers, was handled with care hospital. In addition, to sensitize the people with that pattern of life which they live is wrong, this treatment aims to enable them to obtain the ideal weight back safely.

Things that includes handling of anorexia include psychotherapy and suggestions related to food and nutrition. So that treatment can be done properly, the physician should adjust to the physical, psychological, and social state of the people with anorexia.

Treatment of anorexia can not be done instantly. To recover fully, it could take several years. When treatment is not impossible for anorexia patients to relapse and return to unhealthy eating patterns.

Complications that may occur

Anorexia can lead to other health problems are quite serious if not treated successfully in the long term. Some complications of anorexia nervosa  are:

  • hair loss

  • Irregular heartbeat

  • Decreased blood pressure and respiratory rate

  • Heart failure

  • damage to the brain

  • Menstruation is not smooth

  • Anemia

  • Kidney failure

  • sterility

  • Liquid electrolyte imbalance

  • osteoporosis

  • Constipation

  • Deaths due to malnutrition or suicide

Prevention of anorexia nervosa

Anorexia nervosa can not be prevented completely. However, through the education of parents of children from an early age in the family, can have a big impact on reducing the risk of this condition when they were teenagers and adults. Education is meant is to teach and practice a healthy diet strictly. In addition, children also need to be taught proper insight about the image of the ideal body shape.

If in our families there are beginning to show signs of anorexia, immediately consult a physician to prevent this condition worse.

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