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Definition Candidiasis

Candidiasis is a fungal infection caused by Candida . This fungus has more than 20 kinds.However, the type of Candida is the most common cause of infection is Candida albicans.

Candidiasis can appear on different parts of the human body. The body parts most frequent infections are the mouth and around the genitals. Other body parts that may be exposed to infection Candida is a nail, the esophagus, the area around the anus, and the gastrointestinal tract.

The symptoms vary according to the location of the infection. Here's a detailed explanation of the symptoms of the most common sites of infection Candida.

Oral Candidiasis ( Oral Trush )

Common symptoms of oral candidiasis include pimple-white spots in the mouth and tongue, skin in the corners of the mouth chapped, and redness of the mouth cavity.A sore throat and difficulty in swallowing may also be experienced by the patient.

Candida infection around the genitals

Fungal infections are a common cause of irritation in the vagina, but can also be experienced by men (especially men who are uncircumcised). Symptoms of yeast infection in women include itching incredible that feels around the vagina, the vagina around the red and sore, and whitish clot like cheese. While the symptoms in men are usually in the form of a rash of red on the penis, itching and burning sensation on the tip of the penis, as well as odor.

Genital fungal infections including sexually transmitted diseases, especially in the pair.Therefore, treatment as soon as possible is very important for patients who are infected.

Fungal infections should be treated promptly, especially the already severe. If not treated and left too long, potentially causing fungal candidiasis entry to the bloodstream and trigger infections in the blood.

Causes and Risk Factors Candidiasis

In normal conditions, the fungus Candida is already present on the surface of human skin. But if proliferate excessively, especially on the part of the body that is moist, this fungus will lead to infection. Some factors that may increase the risk of fungal infections are:

  • Age. Fungal infections more often experienced by infants and the elderly. For example, diaper rash in infants.

  • A weakened immune system, such as HIV patients, patients undergoing chemotherapy, as well as steroid users.

  • Chronic diseases, such as diabetes .

  • Certain drugs, such as antibiotics.

Candidiasis Treatment and Prevention

Treatment to be undertaken by each person with course vary, depending on the location of infection, the severity, and the patient's medical condition. There are various types of anti-fungal drugs that can be purchased freely in pharmacies nearest to treat the fungal infection that you experienced. However, make sure that you always see a doctor to confirm the diagnosis. This is done so the drugs have actually corresponded to the type of fungal infection that you are contracting.

Here are examples of the types of drugs that may be recommended based on the type of candidiasis experienced by patients.

  • Oral candidiasis can be treated with antifungal mouthwash or gel form. Duration of treatment is needed generally ranged from one to two weeks. Your doctor may prescribe anti-fungal in the form of tablets or capsules.

  • Infection Candida around sex can be treated with an anti-fungal form of creams, suppositories, and tablets.

  • Diaper rash due to candidiasis can be administered in the form of the antifungal cream, ointment, and powder.

In addition to medications, there are several ways to speed healing oral candidiasis infections, among others:

  • Maintain cleanliness, for example, diligent brushing teeth, dental care to the doctor regularly, and clean between the teeth with dental floss or dental floss regularly.

  • Quit smoking.

As to speed healing infection Candida around sex, you can do the following things:

  • Wear underwear made of cotton.

  • Do not wear underwear that is too tight.

  • Avoid using soaps containing perfumes in the sex organs.

  • Make sure the sex organs is always dry, especially after cleaning or after bathing.

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