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Understanding Bladder Stone

Bladder stones or bladder calculi is a rock formed from mineral deposits that exist in the bladder. Bladder stone the size of a very varied and everyone has to have a risk of bladder stones. But older men, usually over 52 years, more often experience, especially those who suffer from an enlarged prostate.

Channels can be blocked by urine bladder stones. Obstruction of the urinary tract can cause pain during urination, and difficulty urinating or can not urinate at all.

Infections and other complications may occur if left untreated bladder stones. Typically, you need the help of a doctor to remove bladder stones from the body. However, small bladder stone may pass along with the urine.

Symptoms of Bladder Stone

Some of the symptoms felt by the majority of patients with bladder stone for stone clogging drains urine or only hurt the bladder wall. Some symptoms are:

  • Pain during urination.

  • Blood in the urine.

  • Urine looks darker and darker.

  • Difficulty urinating.

  • The desire to urinate more frequently.

  • Urination is not smooth or halting

  • Lower abdominal pain.

  • Penis feels uncomfortable or sick.

In children, there are two additional symptoms of bladder stones are the strong and painful erection that have nothing to do with sexual arousal in boys and bedwetting.

When the size of bladder stones can be small enough to go out together with urine, bladder stones sometimes asymptomatic. Immediately consult a doctor if you feel any change in frequency of urination, blood in your urine, and a strong pain in the abdomen.

Causes of Bladder Stones

The inability to remove all urine from the bladder into the main cause of the formation of stones in the bladder. Minerals in the residual urine in the bladder will settle and then harden and crystallize into a stone. There are several conditions that cause the formation of bladder stones, namely:

  • Swelling. The formation of bladder stones can be triggered by the swelling bladder.The swelling is caused by urinary tract infections and radiation therapy in the pelvic area.

  • Enlarged prostate. The prostate gland in most men over the age of 50 years will be enlarged and pressing the urinary tract and prevents the normal flow of urine from the bladder. This leads to the risk of developing bladder stones enlarged.

  • Cystocele. It occurs in women where one area of the bladder wall is weakened or loosened and fell into the vagina. This condition will trap the flow of urine so that the urine sediment formed bladder stones.

  • Medical instruments. Catheter urine or birth control can sometimes be the cause of the formation of bladder stones. Minerals in the urine often crystallize on the surface of medical devices such.

  • Diet. The risk of developing bladder stones will be higher when the diet is high in fat, sugar, or salt performed and intake of vitamins A and B are low. Lack of drinking water can also increase the risk of developing bladder stones.

  • Damage to the nerves of Bladder . When the nerves controlling the bladder is damaged, it can not be completely discarded urine out of the body. Nerve damage condition is commonly called neurogenic bladder. This damage can be caused serious injury to the spine or due to neurological diseases such as spina bifida .

  • Kidney stones. Due to the different formation process, kidney stones are not the same as bladder stones. But kidney stones are usually small can go down into the bladder and into bladder stones.

  • Bladder diverticula. Conditions in which the formation of pouches in the bladder wall at birth. This additional bladder may be formed as a result of an infection or an enlarged prostate. This causes difficulties people with the diverticular bladder to empty urine and bladder stones are formed.

  • Bladder augmentation surgery. Five percent of people who underwent bladder augmentation surgery will suffer from bladder stones.

Diagnosis of Bladder Stone

There are several ways you can do doctors to determine whether a person has bladder stones, namely:

  • Spiral CT Scan. Considered to be the sharpest test to detect bladder stones. Spiral CT scan can detect various types of bladder stones with small size, though.

  • Physical examination. The doctor will examine the lower abdomen to see if the bladder enlarges.

  • X-ray imaging. Using the help of X-rays to examine the bladder can indeed detect bladder stones, but some types of stone can not be detected by X-rays. X-rays can also be combined with intravenous pyelogram examination, which uses an injection of a contrast substance into the vein. The contrast agent will flow to the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. These substances give color to the urine channel to be visible when the X-ray imaging.

  • The analyst is urine. The doctor will ask your urine sample fluid and check the amount of blood content, bacteria and minerals that crystallize. A urine test can also help detect urinary tract infection bias cause bladder stones.

  • Ultrasound. Tests by utilizing sound waves could also help doctors determine the position of bladder stones.

Treatment of Bladder Stone

If according to the diagnosis, the stone that is in your bladder may be small enough doctors would advise to 1200 milliliters of drinking water a day. The goal for the bladder stones is carried out by urine. However, if the size is large enough there are some medical actions that can be done to remove bladder stones from the body.

The first is cystolith Lapa XY which doctors will crush stones in the bladder up into small pieces with a laser, ultrasound , or mechanical device. Once the stone into smaller pieces, the doctor will remove it along with urine. Patients are at risk of infection and injury to the bladder if using this procedure. The doctor may prescribe antibiotics before the procedure begins to reduce the risk of infection.

The second is to do the surgery. This surgical procedure is done if bladder stones are too large and too loud to be issued by way of cystolith Lapa XY .

Ten percent of patients with bladder stone surgery has risks of complications infections of the bladder and urethra. Generally, doctors may prescribe antibiotics if symptoms of infection of the bladder and urethra.

Because water can dissolve mineral deposits in the bladder, it is suggested that drinking plenty of mineral water to prevent the formation of bladder stones. Consult a doctor to find out the amount of consumption of water, because the amount of water depending on body size, activity, age, and level of health of each person.

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